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Why Is Japan Arresting So Many People for Cannabis?

Why Is Japan Arresting So Many People for Cannabis?

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Cannabis reform is sweeping the globe thanks to the decades of hard work by dedicated cannabis activists around the planet. Cannabis is now legal for adult use nationwide in three countries – Uruguay, Canada, and Malta. Also, dozens of countries have now legalized cannabis for medical use. That amounts to increased tax revenues, job creation, and boosts to local economies. Most importantly, fewer people are being arrested for cannabis offenses. Although Japan is, unfortunately, moving in a different direction.

Whereas other countries are either on or are at least trending towards the right side of history when it comes to cannabis policy, Japan is doubling down on prohibition. Earlier this year, Japan’s Health Ministry created a panel to review Japan’s current cannabis laws, citing a ‘rising consumption rate’ in Japan, especially among younger consumers. The panel’s aim seemed to be to explore ways to make Japan’s cannabis penalties harsher than they are now, which is bad news when coupled with the fact that Japan just set a record for cannabis arrests.

Cannabis Arrests Continue To Increase

For the last eight years, the number of people arrested for cannabis in Japan has increased. A decrease in many other countries parallels the increase in Japan. The rise in cannabis arrests culminated in a record being set in 2021, with a reported 5,482 people arrested for cannabis offenses in Japan during the last full calendar year. Per the recently released National Police Agency data, roughly 70 percent of the arrests involved suspects that were teenagers or in their 20s.

The number of people arrested in Japan for cannabis in 2021 increased by 448 people compared to the prior year, although the rate of arrest per 100,000 people has nearly doubled since 2017. The rise in arrests is an indication of heightened cannabis prohibition enforcement by Japan in recent years. However, Japan’s government is portraying the rise in arrests due to increased consumption rates.

Japan has one of the lowest cannabis consumption rates on earth. In the most recent year for which data is available (2019), Japan experienced a 21.5% increase in measured cannabis consumption compared to the previous year. While that may sound alarming to some lawmakers inside and outside of Japan, consider that only 1.8% of people in Japan report having consumed cannabis during their entire lives. Compare that number to 41.5% in Canada and 44.2% in the United States. When the data is put into perspective, it is clear that Japan doesn’t have a cannabis consumption problem – it has a cannabis prohibition problem.

Harsher Laws Will Ruin More Lives

As I often say, cannabis prohibition is one of the worst public policies on earth, and I know that I am not the only person saying it. Anyone that has been subjected to a cannabis conviction knows firsthand the negative impact that it has on their lives. That negative impact can also extend to parts of that person’s family, job, and community, depending on the situation.

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Currently, possession of cannabis carries a 5-year prison sentence in Japan. Cultivation of cannabis is punished by an even harsher penalty of 7 years in prison. Those are the possible penalties that the 5,482 people arrested for cannabis in Japan in 2021 could face. That is absolutely horrific.

To make matters worse, Japan is thinking about making the penalties even harsher, and people subjected to arrest in the future could have to serve even longer prison sentences. All the while, cannabis will still be consumed in Japan, just as it is consumed everywhere else in the world. Prohibition doesn’t work in Japan, no matter how much lawmakers in the country want to cling to the failed public policy. The only end result that arises from a harsh crackdown like the one underway in Japan is that lives are ruined, which is unacceptable.

This article first appeared on and is syndicated here with special permission.

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